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Other fake ingredients that aren't toxic but simply weaken the drug include baking soda, corn starch, vitamin C powder, glucose, talcum powder, and baby milk powder. Freebase and crack cocaine, which are types of cocaine that have been further refined so that they can be smoked, are prepared using alkalis. These include things like ammonia and sodium bicarbonate baking soda or solvents, such as ether. It is possible that you may not be using cocaine at all. This does not mean the substance you are using is safe.

In fact, you may be using an even more dangerous substance. You could even become addicted to a different substance altogether while thinking you were hooked on cocaine. An experienced cocaine user who tests their cocaine by the numbness effect may be duped into thinking they are using cocaine. For many, cocaine use is described as a social activity that they use with friends. However, taking drugs when you are alone carries the greatest risk of overdose, as there is no one available to call for help or administer first aid if you lose consciousness.

Cocaine use is not a solution, because, like all addictive behaviors, it only masks the problem and it actually brings more problems of its own. Learn the best ways to manage stress and negativity in your life.

Drug Addiction : How to Spot a Cocaine Addict

Central nervous system stimulants and sport practice. Br J Sports Med. Cocaine adulteration. J Chem Neuroanat. Emerg Med Int. Jeri FR. Coca-paste smoking in some Latin American countries: a severe and unabated form of addiction. Bull Narc. Ciccarone D. Stimulant abuse: pharmacology, cocaine, methamphetamine, treatment, attempts at pharmacotherapy. Prim Care.

How Crack Cocaine Works

Rubin R. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Opioid Overdose. Guilford Press; International Journal of Drug Policy. Hammond B. Critical Care Nurse ; 37 4 Forensic Science International ; Psychopharmacology ; Saraghi M, Hersh E. Journal of the American Dental Association ; 3 More in Addiction. Poisonous fillers that cause harm through toxicity but don't have any psychoactive effects.

Cocaine: Effects, Hazards & Warnings -

White powders that merely mimic the appearance of cocaine and weaken the effect of the cocaine. Several other ingredients have been found in some cocaine samples:. Quinine is sometimes added to cocaine for its bitter flavor Thiamin, also known as vitamin B1 Tyramine , a food substance that can induce migraines, which is dangerous for people taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors Sodium carbonate, also known as washing soda Magnesium silicate, also known as asbestos Magnesium sulfate, also known as Epsom salts Salicylamide , a non-prescription pain reliever Twenty-six elements were identified in a study of seized drugs , including forms of calcium, magnesium, sodium, phosphorus, aluminum, iron, manganese, and zinc.

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Cocaine: Health and Harm Reduction. Verywell Mind uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. By using Verywell Mind, you accept our. A high from snorting may last 15 to 30 minutes, while a high from smoking cocaine might last only 5 to 10 minutes. The faster the drug is absorbed into the bloodstream, the more intense the high, but the shorter the duration. Cocaine presents a risk of both addiction and overdose. Because it impairs judgment, it can also lead to other risky behaviors such as engaging in needle sharing or unprotected sex.

There are a number of reasons why people choose to use cocaine in spite of the risks.

Record number of people using class A drugs in England and Wales

Although some people find that using the drug helps them perform simple intellectual and physical tasks more quickly, others report that cocaine has the opposite effect. Some people report heightened sensitivity to sight, sound, and touch. They can also experience a decreased need for food or sleep, at least temporarily.

While cocaine is illegal as a recreational drug, it does have legitimate medical uses. It has both anesthetic and vasoconstrictive properties, which make it ideal for some medical purposes. Although it is rare, sudden death can occur on the first use of cocaine or unexpectedly with later doses of the drug. Cocaine-related deaths are often a result of cardiac arrest or seizures followed by respiratory arrest.

Overdoses can occur unexpectedly, even on the first use. The risk of overdose can increase if cocaine is combined with other drugs or alcohol. Signs of overdose can include vomiting, tremors, and difficulty breathing. While the use of this substance is sometimes referred to as an epidemic, evidence shows that its use has largely been on the decline since its peak in the s. Another common myth is that cocaine can improve performance. Some cocaine users report the drug gives them a feeling of power and confidence.

Many times they think they are functioning on a higher level than they actually are. Combining cocaine with alcohol can be particularly dangerous.

When drinkers are using cocaine, they have a tendency to drink more than usual because they don't experience the depressant effects of alcohol due to cocaine's stimulant properties. When cocaine and alcohol are used together, they are combined in the liver to form cocaethylene, which intensifies the euphoric effects of cocaine. Prolonged or chronic use of cocaine causes havoc with the brain's natural reward system to the point that using cocaine no longer produces its initial pleasurable effects. Frequent cocaine use can cause people to develop increasingly higher tolerance.

This means that it takes higher doses or more frequent doses for the brain to try to achieve the same level of pleasure experienced during the initial use.

Everything you need to know about cocaine

This cycle of increasing cocaine doses to get the same high can lead to addiction. It is very difficult to determine an exact detection window for how long cocaine can stay in someone's system. The length of time it remains in the system depends on many different factors including body mass, metabolism, and hydration levels. Cocaine addiction can involve both a physical craving for the substance as well as a mental desire to experience the drug's euphoric effects.

One of the most dangerous consequences of using cocaine is its powerful addictive qualities.

What is cocaine?

People have been known to become addicted after just one use.